Clinical Dermatology

Varicose Veins

What is it?

Varicose veins are venous dilatations with a tortuous course that form as a result of peripheral venous insufficiency that results from stagnation and increased pressure within the veins, producing dilatation and valvular dysfunction, that would normally help maintain blood return to the heart. This problem is more common in women and there are many causes that can give rise to it, such as pregnancy, hormones, poor circulation, standing or sitting for long periods of time, inheritance, among other causes. Varicose veins in addition to their unsightly appearance may cause discomfort, such as:

  • Cramps
  • Heaviness and tiredness in the legs
  • Itching
  • Pain

Types of Varicose Veins

Regardless of their size, there are three important classifications of varicose veins that should be assessed for treatment:


Very small veins that produce the famous spider veins.

Varicose veins:

Subcutaneous veins that are dilated and may produce minor discomfort.

Chronic venous insufficiency:

Varicose veins that have not been treated, so they are in an advanced stages and can cause varicose ulcers or cardiovascular problems.

How do we treat it?

The indicated treatment will be according to the type, and state, of the varicose vein. They can be eliminated through injection sclerotherapy or laser. We invite you to click on each one to know how they work.

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