Clinical Dermatology

Melasma

What is it?

It's a skin disorder that usually manifests in the face through brown to gray-brown spots on the cheeks, bridge of the nose, forehead, chin and upper lip. It may also occur on areas exposed to the sun, such as the forearms and neck.

Causes

Sun exposure, pregnancy, birth control pills, cosmetics, hormonal therapies, phototoxic drugs (which make the skin more sensitive to light) and anticonvulsant medications are detonating factors for melasma.

How do we treat it?

There are several types of treatment to counter the effects of melasma, including hydroquinone creams which are used to lighten the skin, the dosage is variable and can be combined with tretinoin, corticosteroids or glycolic acid to improve skin lightening. Other active ingredients that are used are azelaic acid, kojic acid and vitamin C.

It is also important to use sunscreens for the treatment to work properly, as sun exposure contributes to the pigmentation of the skin. In Lasermedica we offer several complementary treatments for melasma, such as:

  • Chemical peeling
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Intense Pulsed Light
  • Laser Fraxel Dual

We invite you to visit our facilities so that our experts guide you to the treatment indicated for your specific case and thus obtain a radiant and healthy skin.

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